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Preschool Learning Goals: 2-3 Year-Olds

2 – 3 Years Goals

This two-year-old classroom provides a secure and nurturing learning environment where the children begin to develop their social and emotional skills. Lessons on being part of a group, sharing, taking turns, and making friends are seamlessly woven into all of our “themes.”


The language arts program encourages and broadens each child’s interest in written and spoken language. The curriculum develops a love of language and literature and provides reading readiness skills in a developmentally appropriate manner. Children are introduced to letter names, letter shapes and letter/sound relationships through meaningful and ageappropriate games and activities. Literacy and language opportunities include a wide variety of multi-sensory activities and are integrated into all curricular areas throughout the day.

Language activities for the two-year-olds include: Expanding expressive and receptive language Following one to two step directions Repeating rhymes and finger-plays Story comprehension and retelling skills Contributing to group discussions


The goal of the mathematics program is for the children to develop understanding and insight into the patterns of mathematics through the use of concrete materials and real-life experiences. The program works to help young children see relationships and interconnections in mathematics and to enable them to deal flexibly with mathematical ideas and concepts.

Mathematical activities for the two-year-olds include: Matching colors and shapes Sorting by color, shape and size Exploring number concepts (one, many, few, some, more) Comparing size (big, little, long, short) Beginning to count objects


Throughout the school year children use their five senses to explore scientific themes and ideas. Every science lesson incorporates hands-on activities to teach concepts related to each child’s interests and experiences. Studies of life science, environmental science, and physical science are included. Precious Moments is very fortunate to have four beautiful acres of grounds on which to learn about science. Areas such as the ten playgrounds, the nature trail and the butterfly garden are perfect spots for everyday scientific exploration and discovery.

The science program at CDS focuses on the following school-wide units with different ageappropriate activities at each level from the twos through kindergarten.

Color and Light Measurement and Mapping Neighborhood Habitats Properties of Matter Movement and Machines


The STEAM curriculum is designed to create an environment where children have the opportunity to experiment with materials and media in innovative ways and to foster their curiosity and creativity while learning to work together as members of a team. This program encourages the growth of children’s thought processes, the development of their conceptual understanding and their ability to observe, analyze, predict and make conclusions about the world around them. This curriculum is taught in the classroom daily and in the STEAM Lab with the STEAM enrichment teacher once a week.

Areas of emphasis in STEAM for our two-year-olds include: Repurposing materials such as recyclables and tubing to create new inventions Exploration of tools Using simple machines to solve problems Observing and creating physical vs. chemical changes


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The children at Precious Moments develop a foundation in social studies by exploring concept of self, family, school, neighborhood, community, town, city and country. Our goal is to explore how we organize ourselves and how we fit as contributing members of the school environment and in our society. Across the CDS Social Studies school-wide curriculum we will explore how people work, live, learn and play together to build a peaceful community. We will emphasize how community members depend on one another and focus on kind, fair, safe, and responsible attributes.

Areas of emphasis in social studies for our two-year-olds include: Investigating concept of self, family, school, neighborhood and community Encouraging kind, fair, safe and responsible characteristics Understanding diversity through exploration of similarities and differences, ex: reading two different versions of Goldilocks, sharing families cultural celebrations, exploring books and materials that demonstrate differing abilities, gender roles and cultures


Social skills are woven through every aspect of the curriculum as children in every program learn how to develop and sustain friendships, resolve conflicts, take pride in their accomplishments and work together to achieve success in a classroom and school environment.

Areas of emphasis in social and emotional development for our two-year-olds include: Building a sense of self Separation from parents Engaging with other children and adults Learning to wait and take turns Managing feelings and emotions Self care and care of belongings Understanding rules and routines


The art curriculum gives the children opportunities to explore materials and media through process-oriented activities. As the children experiment using various techniques, they are encouraged to be creative and discover their artistic talents.

Areas of emphasis in art for our two-year-olds include: Paint and watercolor Drawing implements (markers, crayons, pens, pencils, chalk Sensory materials (clay, play dough, finger paint) Collage materials


The music program will focus on developing a love of music in the students. To accomplish this, each day the children sing, play musical games and finger-plays, listen to various genres of music, play instruments, and move to music. These creative explorations occur both in the classrooms and in music enrichment classes with our music specialist.

The 2-year-old classes participate in such music activities as: Beginning to learn the elements of music (high/low pitch, loud/soft intensity, fast/slow tempo) Experimenting with instruments Learning melodies and words to songs Dancing to music Responding to music with movement


The development of a positive self-image and the enjoyment of physical activities are important aspects of the CDS curriculum. Gross motor skills are practiced and refined through exciting group games, activities and obstacle courses. Children cultivate their fine motor skills with developmental tools like resistant clay and over-sized tweezers. The older students also enjoy handwriting activities that prepare them for success in their next school experience.

Fine and gross motor activities for two-year-olds offer opportunities to: Develop muscle strength, coordination, stamina and balance Throw, kick, bounce and catch balls with both hands Move to beat and rhythm Walk up and down stairs alternating feet Use art materials with purpose Copy a circle, vertical line and horizontal line

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